Exercise ankle brachial index adds important prognostic information on long-term out-come only in patients with a normal resting ankle brachial index

Inge Liefde, J Klein, JJ Bax, Hence Verhagen, Ron van Domburg, D Poldermans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: The clinical value of exercise ankle brachial index (ABI) is still unclear, especially in patients with normal resting ABI. Method: 2164 patients performed a single-stage treadmill exercise test to diagnose or evaluate PAD. The population was divided into two groups: a normal resting ABI (resting ABI >= 0.90) and PAD (resting ABI < 0.90). Patients with a normal resting ABI were divided into 4 exercise ABI groups: exercise ABI < 0.90, 0.90-0.99, 1.00-1.09 and 1.10-1.29 (reference). Results: Mean follow-up was 5 years. Exercise ABI added significant prognostic information on all cause long-term mortality only in patients with normal resting ABI (p-value 0.014, HR 0.99 95% CI (0.98-0.99)), not in patients with PAD. Fifty years or older (OR 2.93 95% CI (1.65-5.20)) and resting systolic blood pressure > 140mmHg (OR 2.18 95% CI (1.35-3.55)) were associated with an abnormal exercise ABI in patients with a normal resting ABI. Mortality rate increased when the exercise ABI became worse (p trend 0.0001) with a 2.5-fold increase mortality risk in patients with a normal resting ABI but exercise ABI < 0.90 (HR 2.56, 95% CI (1.11-5.91)). Conclusion: In patients with a normal resting ABI, treadmill exercise ABI added important prognostic information on long-term mortality. Based on our results we recommend that at least all patients suspected for PAD, with a resting ABI >= 0.90, who are 50 years or older and having hypertension should undergo treadmill exercise testing. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)365-369
Number of pages5
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume216
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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