States have recently started using sanctions to enforce actions not only against other states but also against individuals. In 1999 and 2001, the UN Security Council applied sanctions against individuals and terrorist groups for the first time. This paper analyses the terrorist group blacklisting in the European Union as a risk management measure. Analysing the two regimes of the terrorist group blacklisting in the European Union, the article explains that the emerging human rights issues associated with blacklisting are a result of the different natures of the creation of the lists, which is essentially a management task, and their effect, which is essentially judicial. The risk society theory helps us to understand that the blacklisting of terrorist groups and individuals was done because the politicians desperately attempted to prevent possible future scenarios which were given high preference among their publics. The blacklisting provides a very useful shortcut from a policy puzzle to its solution, bypassing the standard means of combating terrorism.
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|Published - 2011