Perceived Motor Competence Differs From Actual Performance in 8-Year-Old Neonatal ECMO Survivors

Leontien Duyster - Toussaint, Monique Van der Cammen - van Zijp, AJ Janssen, Dick Tibboel, AF van Heijst, Hanneke IJsselstijn

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OBJECTIVE: To assess perceived motor competence, social competence, self-worth, health-related quality of life, and actual motor performancein 8-year-old survivors of neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). METHODS: In a prospective nationwide study, 135 children completed the extended version of the "athletic competence" domain of the Self Perception Profile for Children (SPPC) called the m-CBSK (Motor supplement of the Competentie BelevingsSchaal voor Kinderen) to assess perceived motor competence, the SPPC, and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL), andwere tested with the Movement Assessment Battery for Children. SD scores (SDS) were used to compare with the norm. RESULTS: The mean (SD) SDS for perceived motor competence, social competence, and self-worth were all significantly higher than the norm: 0.18 (0.94), P = .03; 0.35 (1.03), P < .001; and 0.32 (1.08), P < .001, respectively. The total PedsQL score was significantly below the norm: mean (SD) SDS: -1.26 (1.53), P < .001. Twenty-two percent of children had actual motor problems. The SDS m-CBSK and actual motor performance did not correlate (r = 0.12; P = .17). The SDS m-CBSK significantly correlated with the athletic competence domain of the SPPC (r = 0.63; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Eight-year-old ECMO survivors feel satisfied with their motor-and social competence, despite impaired PedsQL scores and motor problems. Because motor problems in ECMO survivorsdeteriorate throughout childhood, clinicians should be aware that these patients may tend to "overrate" their actual motor performance. Education and strict monitoring of actual motor performance are important to enable timely intervention.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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