Potential Value of Serum Total IgE for Differentiation between Autoimmune Pancreatitis and Pancreatic Cancer

Albert Toorenenbergen, MJ Heerde, Henk van Buuren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is associated with a marked elevation of serum total IgG(4). Although there is evidence of autoimmunity in AIP, there are also signs of an allergic nature of its pathogenesis. Therefore, we determined both IgE and IgG(4) in 13 patients with AIP, in 12 patients with pancreatic carcinoma and in 14 patients with atopic allergy and investigated the relationship between IgE and IgG(4). Total IgG(4) was determined by automated nephelometry and total IgE by automated enzyme fluoroimmunoassay. Both total IgE and total IgG(4) levels in patients with AIP were significantly higher than those in patients with pancreatic carcinoma (P = 0.0004 and P = 0.015, respectively). There was a significant correlation between the total IgE and total IgG(4) levels in patients with AIP and patients with atopic allergy (r(s) = 0.82(,)P = 0.0006 and r(s) = 0.88(,)P < 0.0001, respectively). The IgE/ IgG(4) ratio in sera from patients with atopic allergy was significantly different (P = 0.0012) from this ratio in sera from patients with AIP. These results suggest that analysis of total IgE in serum might be useful in the differentiation between autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic carcinoma.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)444-448
Number of pages5
JournalScandinavian Journal of Immunology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Cite this