The making and consolidation of the first national trademark system: the diffusion of trademarks across Spanish regions, 1850–1920

Patricio Sáiz*, José L. Zofío

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This article studies the creation and consolidation of a trademark system tantamount to market integration and commercial specialization of Spanish regions from 1850 to 1920. We analyse the first 47,000 registrations, their geographical distribution and the drivers behind this trademark expansion. By using a lineal probability model, we find that knowledge spillovers across regions are associated with their relative trademark specialization and diversification. We incorporate the role played by transport infrastructure by calculating generalized transport costs. The results clarify the origins and evolution of geographical differences in commercial innovation and regional specialization in the first country to institute modern trademark legislation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-275
Number of pages20
JournalRegional Studies
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Regional Studies Association.

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The making and consolidation of the first national trademark system: the diffusion of trademarks across Spanish regions, 1850–1920'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this